A localized collection of pus.
- Active immunity
Depend upon stimulation of person’s immunological mechanism.
An organisms which requires O2 to live and reproduction.
To joint together to form clump.
An abnormal sensitive reaction.
A few organisms not requiring O2 to live or reproduce.
Containing no water
A globin produced in the body in response to antigen or foreign bodies.
Any substance which can cause the production of antibodies. Antigen are molecules capable of stimulating an immune response.
A substance used to kill microorganisms. It is the product of micro-organisms.
An antibody against particular toxins.
- Auto infection- infection of own/ one self.
- Automatic- doing something by itself.
- Bacilli- rod like bacteria and stick like
- Bacteria- single all organism’s containing both RNA and DNA which reproduce by binary fission.
- Bacteriology- study bacteria
- Bacteriocidal- a chemical used to kill bacteria.
- Biopsy- removal of small piece of tissue during order to examination.
- Blister- A small swelling in skin filled with serum, a coating outside cells walls of some bacteria and fungi.
- Capsule- an envelope that surrounded certain bacteria.
- Chemotherapy- the treatment of disease by the administration of drugs which destroy the agent of disease but not injured the patient.
- Communicable – capable of being transmitted from one person to another.
- Culture- a growth of microorganisms on nutrient media artificial on living cells to grow microorganisms on such a medium or the growth and multiplication of microorganisms.
- Droplet infection
The transmission of infection via minute particles of sputum that have been dominated into the air by sneezing, laughing etc.
- Disinfectant- an agent which kills or destroy pathogenic microorganisms.
- Disinfection- an agent which kills and destroy pathogenic microorganisms.
- Deodorant- a substance that destroys unpleasant environment and Odor.
- Epidemic- a disease that attack a large number of person on the community at the same time.
- Endemic- a disease regularly found in particular area or place.
- Flagella – long hair like structure, which cause organisms to move flagella may be attached to one or both ends of organisms or completely around is or whip-like organ of motion.( flagellum).
- Fumigation – exposure to fumes of gas or vapour that destroy bacteria. For example; formaldehyde.
- Helminthiasis- a worm infection
- Immune- resistance of infection
- Immunity- a power of body which against infection.
- Infection- invasion of body by pathogenic microorganisms or the entry and multiplication of pathogenic organism with in the body.
- Microscope – an instrument used to observe microbes.
- Pasteurization – the process of checking fermentation in milk, other fluid by heating them to a temperature between 145-150 F for 30 minutes and then repidly cooling and this kills pathogenic bacteria.
- Pathogenic – capable of causing disease.
- Septicemia- the presence and multiplication of bacteria in blood circulation resulting several diseases.
- Pathogenesis – biological mechanism, progress of disease.
- Pathogen – a bacterium, virus or other microorganisms that cause disease.
- Terminal disinfection -a complete disinfection of unit after particle has left.
- Toxin- a poisonous agents of plants or animals.
- Concurrent infection – cleaning is the disinfection and sterilization of patient supplies and equipment during hospitalization.
- Terminal cleaning – disinfection and sterilization of patient supplies and equipment after the patient is discharged from unit or hospital.
- Vaccination – to introduce into body to produce resistance against disease.
- Zygote – this all is produced by fertilization of female by a male cell.
- Hereditary- transmitted from one generation to the another.
- Hetero- different
- Intra- inside
52- in vitro- in laboratory
- Mutation – an alteration in genetic material.
- Phagocyte- a cell which ingest microorganisms.
- Viremia- the presence of viruses in the Blood or body stream.
- Organism- An individual animal, plant or single-celled life form.
- Asepsis- the absence of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms.
- Nosocomial infections – infection acquired from hospital.
- Sepsis- a life -threatening complication of an infection.
- Virulence- is pathogenesis or microbes ability to infect or damage a host.